Ziro is the district head quarter of Lower Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh and is one of the oldest towns located at an altitude of 5754ft. (1,780m) from the sea level. it is one of the most beautiful towns in North East India. Its cool weather in summer is one of the main attraction. Ziro is famous for its pine clad hills around it and rice field .
Ziro is home of the friendly Apa-Tani tribe.
There have some unique characteristic features of Apa-Tanies, which differs from other tribes like Nishi, Dafla, and Miri in Arunachal Pradesh and India. Few of these are:
(1) Apa-Tanis settled permanently in one place whereas other tribes are nomadic in nature move from one place to another in search of fertile lands.
(2) Apa-Tanis cultivate permanently in wet land whereas other tribes practice shifting or dry land cultivations by burning jungles.
(3) Apa-Tanis used to practice facial tattoos before; now they have dropped this custom gradually.
Population : As of 2001census, Ziro had a population of more than 50,000. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.
Literacy: Ziro has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%:
Education : Ziro has highest numbers of Schools in Arunachal Pradesh. There are more than hundred private and Government Schools and one college run by Christian missionary.
Religion : The Apa-tani people, worship nature God.
Festivals :The main festival of Apa-tanis are Myoko, Murung and Dree
Myoko Festival: This festival is celebrated during the month of March every year by the villagers for well being of society in which people from other villages are invited for local beer and merry making traditional song like BUSHII and AYU. People sacrifices the pigs during the festival.
Murung Festival : This The festival is celebrated for well being of individual during the month of January in which all the villagers participates. In this festival, Mithuns and cows are sacrificed that are distributed to the whole villagers of Apatani
Dree Festival: This Agricultural festival is celebrated during the month of July, centrally on 5th July every year at Nenchaleya, Old Ziro to propitiate the Dree God to protect the agriculture crops from pests and diseases. In this festival traditional songs and dances are also performed.
One endemic plant with flower like anthurium
What to see in and around ZIRO
HAPOLI: Headquarter and main business centre of Lower Subansiri District. The Deputy Commissioner’s office is situated in this Township.
PINE GROOVE: This Pine clad area is about 3 km. from old Ziro. GREF (Border Road organization) established in December 1961 is located in this area.One can see blue and yellow wild Irish and several species of pine tree.
ZIRO PUTU: Ziro putu or Army putu is a small hill at old Ziro where first administrative centre was set up after India’s independence and ARMY cantonment was located . From this hillock one can see tehe Apatani flat terrain.
KILE PAKHO: A ridge located at 7 km. from old Ziro. On clear weather during December and January , one can have clear bird’s views of snow capped range of Himalayas which is known as “NYIME PEMBU”
PAAPU: In this area the first administrative centre was established before independence in 1944-45 by an british Mr. F. Heimendrof .He was a famous anthropologist and the author of “Himalayan Barbary”, “Apatani and their Neighbours” and “A Himalayan Tribe: From cattle to cash”, and was appointed by British Administration as a Special Officer .
PADDY CUM FISH CULTIVATION: About 3.5 km from Hapoli Town, one can see beautiful high altitude fish farm where breeding of high altitude fishes is done. This is one of the famous innovative cultivation practices followed in Apa-tani. After transplanting of paddy in wet rice cultivation field, the fish fingerlings are put in channels in paddy field at knee-deep height and that are kept for 2-3 months before harvesting of fish.
BAMBOO GROOVE: Ziro is famous for one stem monopodial Bamboo, (Phyllotachys bamboosoides) grown with blue clad pine, is one of expert practices of farm forestry followed in this part of the world. These are the ideal place for trekking and hiking.
TALEY VALLEY WILDLIFE SANCTUARY: One of the most beautiful and virgin wild life sanctuary having diverse flora and fauna ranging from sub-tropical to alpine forests. A variety of rhodendron, orchids, ferns and bamboo are seen in this sanctuary. This sanctuary is the home of rare clouded leopard and a large numbers of hills bird. This is also one of the important biodiversity hot spot of the world, which is about 32 KM away from north east of Ziro.
......" Tale Valley Wildlife Sanctuary had been created in 1976.Tale is an artist’s paradise, with almost every imaginable color represented.Lush green forests contrast against a crystal blue sky,orange and yellow maple plants stand out against huge dark green conifers with fast flowing silvery torrents rushing through it all. The valley is the mother of the river Pange,which flow through the middle of the sanctuary. Further downstream, the Pange sustains agriculture in the Apatani valley before rushing to join the mighty Subansiri river.The river’s abundant and diverse fish stock form a major source of animal protein for locals. The sanctuary also had a large population of endangered mammals including the leopard,clouded leopard and golden cat, all on Schedule I of the Wildlife (protection) Act,1972" .....Dipankar Ghose, Sanctuary Asia.Vol.XXII No.5,October 2002
Read More about Tale Valley http://hubpages.com/hub/Talley-Valley
ORCHID AND FLOWERS: Ziro is famous for some of most rare orchids and other flowers like Rhododendron , wild Irish. Hedychium, etc. The climate of the area is congenial for cultivation of orchids and varieties of flowers.
On way to Ziro from Kimin we had captured photographs of some magnificent natural beauty.These may be some attraction for tourist from different parts of India and as well as from abroad.But the road condition was not so good. Here is some of these......
Ranganadi is blocked and dying.
Beyond the gaze of Delhi, the Northeast is sitting on a time bomb. They have destroyed these magnificent ecological hot spots and its indigenous people...........
Read an article in TEHELKA
In 26th of August 2007 we went to ziro.It was a cloudy day.Just after rain I had captured some beautiful snap of clouds over deep blue sky including a rainbow.
Photography of clouds and sky is known as cloudscape photography. In 18th century Belgian photographer Léonard Misonne (1870-1943), was known for his black and white photographs of heavy skies and dark clouds. In the middle of 20th century, American photographer Alfred Stieglitz (1864–1946) created a series of photographs of clouds, called “equivalents” (1925-1931). More recently, photographers such as Ralph Steiner,Robert Davies and Tzeli Hadjidimitriou have been considered as noted for cloudscape photography.
This photograph was taken from a Apatani village
|Here comes the Sun|
|The Rain is Over|
|Heaven is a Place on Earth|
|Magic of Clouds|